Set Manoeuvres


3DX Asia Pacific Set Manoeuvres 2016
NO. "K" Manoeuvre Judges notes Picture Video
1 1 Travelling Backwards Flip With the helicopter travelling forwards along the flightline, a backwards flip is performed. The manoeuvre will be flown at medium speed maintaining constant height, direction and speed of traverse throughout. 解说图片 解说视频
前进后滚翻1圈 直升机沿著与飞线平行的方向像前飞的过程中做一个后滚翻,直升机应中速飞行,保持高度,方向和速度不变。
2 1 2 x 4 point Backward Roll With the helicopter moving backwards at medium pace, the helicopter will be aileron-rolled twice, each roll being clearly delineated by 4 hesitation points. 解说图片 解说视频
两个后退四位横滚 直升机中速后退飞行的过程中做两个四位横滚,横滚的四个停顿点要清楚。
3 1 Pie Dish The helicopter will prescribe remote circuits centred on the contest centreline. The helicopter will fly sideways at constant speed, altitude and attitude with the disk as close as possible to the vertical position. There will be at least 4 complete revolutions, skids in, skids out, nose up or nose-down.

漏斗

直升机必须以赛场中线为中心绕圈,尽可能保持直升机尾管与地面船直的角度,直升机必须保持固定的速度,高度,姿态,至少有四个完整的循环,选手可以选择直升机脚架朝或者朝外,机头朝上或者朝下

4 1 Stationary Metronomes This manoeuvre consists of a repetitive metronome with 6 pitch-reversals. The manoeuvre will be symmetrical about the centre-line and of consistent height, length of traverse and tempo. The manoeuvre may be performed tailboom vertical or horizontal. 解说图片 解说视频
原地节拍器(定点钟摆) 这个重复的节拍器动作包括6个螺距逆转,动作必须以中心线对秤并保持同样的高度和速度,该动作可以取尾管横向或纵向来作。
5 1 Knife-edge Pirouette The knife edge pirouette should be entered from medium / fast-forward flight and top scores will be generated from accuracy, definition, constant height and good positioning. 解说视频
刀鋒自旋 刀锋自旋必须由中等/快速的前进飞行进入,经过一段明显的直线段后像相反的方向作四分之一横滚进入姿态后改出,动作精准和正确的空域位置得分就会高。
6 1 Inverted Nose-in Circuit The helicopter shall be made to move in a remote circle maintaining the nose constantly pointing at the centre of the circle. Judges will look for consistent height, centring and speed. 解说图片 解说视频
倒飞机头向内盘旋 直升机以中线为对秤作一个水平圆,直升机头指向圆心。保持同一高度,保持中心,和匀速。
7 1 Figure 8 Inverted Circuit The helicopter should describe a uniform Figure 8 at a slow pace with consistent height and correctly centred. 解说图片 解说视频
倒飞8字盘旋 直升機須以低速,固定的高度與正確的中心,完成一個8字形。
8 1 Backwards Loop While traveling along the flightline in a backwards direction, the helicopter will perform a single backwards loop. The judges will be looking for a good ‘round’ loop, positioned on the centre line, and consistent entry and exit points. 解说视频
后退筋斗 直升机沿著平行飞行方向作后退飞行的过程中作一个后退筋斗,筋斗应该尽量地圆,居中对正,从同一点进入和改出
9 1 Stationary Fwd/ Bkwd Flips (2) The stationary forward / backward flips will be marked on good positioning on the centre line, accurate height control and smooth rotation of the disk, not necessarily the lowest altitude. 解说视频
两个原地前滚/后滚翻 作两个原地的前滚翻接2个后滚翻,要求动作稳定一致,但不必追求超低空
10 1.5 Figure 8 pie dish The helicopter will prescribe 2 remote circuits as a horizontal figure 8, the crossing point centred on the contest centreline. The helicopter will fly sideways at constant speed, altitude and attitude with the disk as close as possible to the vertical position. There will be at least 2 complete figure 8s, and the manoeuvre may begin skids in, skids out, nose up or nose-down. 解说图片
8字漏斗 直升机必须以赛场中线为中心画出一个水平8字,尽可能保持直升机尾管与地面垂直的角度,直升机必须保持固定的速度,高度,姿态。至少完成2个完整的水平8字,选手可以选择直升机脚架朝内或者朝外,机头朝上或者朝下开始飞行。
11 1.5 Tumbling Loop The helicopter will perform continuous Forward- or Backward tumbles while it describes a Forward or Backward Loop in the sky. The Loop will be centred, round and the rate of tumbling will be uniform. 解说图片 解说视频
前进或后退筋斗 直升机在做前进或后退筋斗的同时作连续的向前或向后滚翻,筋斗必须对称,滚翻速度一致。
12 1.5 Inverted Backward Loops This manoeuvre consists of 2 consecutive inverted backward loops entered from backward inverted flight. The judges will be looking for good ‘round’ loops, positioned on the centre line, and consistent entry and exit points. 解说图片 解说视频
倒飞后退筋斗 这个动作包含两个连续的倒飞后退筋斗,动作从后退倒飞进入和改出。筋斗应尽可能圆,并且在中心线。进入和改出点要在同一处。
13 1.5 Sustained Chaos The chaos should be sustained for a minimum of 10 seconds, up to a maximum of 30 seconds. The Manoeuvre will be stationary in front of the pilot and accurately centred. Pirouette rate should be sufficiently high to distinguish clearly the manoeuvre from a piroflip. 解说视频
定点持续自旋翻 定点持续自旋翻应持续至少10秒钟,最多不超过30秒钟,该动作应稳定在飞手前方居中对称。 自旋翻速度必须尽可能的快。
14 1.5 Snake This snake-like manoeuvre should be performed along the flight line and consist of at least 4 joined crescents, tailboom-horizontal, switching skids-in to skids-out and vice-versa between crescents. Each crescent must be clearly presented as a distinct half-circuit or more with the disc close to the vertical. 解说视频
大蛇 蛇线运动应沿飞线方向由四个半圆连结而成,飞行时尾管水平,在连结处由起落架向内转成向外或由向外转成向内飞行。
15 1.5 Elevator Slapper A single Elevator Slapper is an arcing half-flip with a half-roll at the mid-point. This manoeuvre will require 6 reversals to complete and the stop points should be consistent in height and of equal distance from the centre-line. Each half-roll shall be positioned at the centre-line with the tail boom vertical. 解说图片 解说视频
升降舵彩虹 单个升降舵彩虹是由半个长节拍器在中间加一个半横滚构成,这一动作需要逆转六次,停顿点的高度和位置应该稳定
16 1.5 Death Spiral The Death Spiral consists of a minimum 50m vertical drop with Elevator Rolls while descending on knife-edge. The vertical path should be on the judges centre-line and recovery shall be as low as the pilot is comfortable with and inverted. 解说视频
死亡螺旋 死亡螺旋包含一个至少50米的以刀片的姿态垂直下降,下降的同时做升降舵翻滚(尾管水平),动作必须居中对称,改出点在飞手能力允许的前提下应尽量的低并且倒飞拉起结束。
17 1.5 Pirouetting Roll / Flip The 2 pirouetting rolls / flips will be executed as a travelling manoeuvre continuously with no hesitation and constant height throughout. The mid-point of the manoeuvre shall be positioned on the centre-line. 解说图片 解说视频
行进中自旋翻滚 两个自旋翻是在行进中进行的,动作不应有停顿。 中间的动作应该在中心线上部完成。
18 1.5 Backwards Rolling Circle A horizontal circle performed with backward aileron rolls. The manoeuvre will be centred on the judges eye-line and exhibit good circular shape, accurate positioning with respect to the centre-line and consistent height throughout with a consistent rate of rolling. 解说视频
后退横滚盘旋 此动作必须以裁判眼前为中心,在做水平圆的同时做后退横滚,横滚速率应该一致,高度和位置控制要准确。
19 1.5 K 1.5 Auto* The K1.5 auto consists of an autorotational landing with a 360 degree Aileron Roll. There must be a minimum fall of 25m in autorotation before the roll begins. The manoeuvre will show consistent height loss, uniform forward speed and land as close as possible to a marker positioned 3m in front of the pilot on the field centreline. 解说视频
K1.5熄火降落 自旋降落含一个360度横滚,横滚前必须有一个至少25米的自旋降落,高度下降和前进速度应该一致,落点应尽可能靠近飞手前方3米区
20 2 Forward Rolling Loop The forward rolling loop consists of a loop while performing a minimum of 2 consecutive rolls. The manoeuvre shall have a consistent roll rate with a circular loop centred on the judges eye- line. The judges will be looking for good ‘round’ loops, positioned on the centre line, and consistent entry and exit points. 解说视频
前进横滚筋斗 前进横滚筋斗是直升机在至少完成两个横滚同时完成一个筋斗构成,横滚的速率要一致,筋斗是居中对称。
21 2 Singapore Sling 09 Pirouetting Metronome with a stop and reversal of pirouette direction at each arc reversal. The Tailboom position at the point of reversal must be the same at each reversal of pirouette direction. At least 6 reversals are required to complete the manoeuvre. Judges will be looking for consistent stop points, accurate height control and at least 2 complete pirouettes per arc are required. 解说视频
新加坡弹簧2009 这个动作事实上是自旋节拍器在每次的螺距逆转同时改变自旋转方向,每次尾管在逆转点必须一致,至少要做6个逆转,每个弧要有至少两周自旋转,裁判会注意停顿点的一致性和高度控制的准确度。
22 2 Backwards Rolling 8 A horizontal figure 8 performed with backward aileron rolls. The lobes of the 8 will be centred on the judges view line and each lobe shall be a clearly defined full circle. The manoeuvre will exhibit accurate positioning and height control with a consistent rate of rolling. 解说视频
后退横滚水平8字 8字的中心必须对准裁判视线。在飞后退水平8字的同时做横滚,8字的两个圈要居中对称,高度,位置,和横滚速率要一致。
23 2 Tumbling 8 A horizontal figure 8 performed with either forward or backward tumbles. The lobes of the 8 will be begin and end on the judges eye line and each lobe shall be a clearly defined full circle. The manoeuvre will exhibit accurate positioning and constant height throughout with a consistent rate of tumbling and speed of traverse along the 8. Each tumble must exhibit a smooth rotation of the disk with no hesitation at any point 解说视频
翻滚水平8字 在飞行前进或后退水平8字同时做向前或向后的滚翻,8字的两个圈要在裁判的前方居中对称。高度,位置,和滚翻速度要一致。
24 2 Chaos Loop The judges will be looking for an accurate, round, loop made from a travelling chaos. The Chaos pirouette rate should be fast and the more chaoses through the loop the better. 解说视频
自旋翻滚筋斗 裁判希望看到由行进中的自旋翻连接在一起构成精确的筋斗,自旋翻的速度应该尽可能的快,完成的自旋翻越多越好。
25 2 Jupiter Probe A Vertical Pirouetting 8 with half-flips. The model will execute a pirouetting Vertical 8 with entry skids down along the flight line at the centre of the 8. On completion of the first half-loop the model will piro-flip and complete the second half of the loop skids-in. At the centre of the 8 the model will remain skids-out and begin the lower loop of the 8. At the bottom of the 8 the model will piro-flip to skids in and finish the lower loop, exiting in the same direction as entry. 解说图片
木星探测船 直升机执行一个自旋垂直8字,由脚架朝下沿着航道进入8字的中心。在完成第一个自旋筋斗的一半时,做半个自旋翻呈脚架朝圆内完成另半个筋斗。经过8字中心时,机身仍维持脚架朝圆外开始做8字往下的筋斗,在到达最低点时,再做半个自旋翻呈脚架朝圆内完成朝下的筋斗,出口和进口方向相同。
26 2 Piro Pogo The manoeuvre will begin and end in a stationary upright pirouetting hover in front of the judges. The helicopter will perform a 20m pirouetting climb, followed by a 1/2 piro flip to inverted at the top of the climb  followed immediately by a 20m inverted pirouetting descent returning to the start position . At the bottom, the helicopter will immediately, perform a 20m inverted pirouetting climb, followed by a 1/2 piro flip to upright at the top of the climb a 20m upright pirouetting descent back to the start position. At this point, the entire sequence is repeated. The judges are looking for a fast and consistent pirouette speed (at least 1 pirouette per second), consistent reversal points, a seamless flow throughout the manoeuvre without hesitations and vertical climbs and descents.
自旋弹簧高跷 直升机以裁判前方位置开始保持高度不变的正飞自旋动作开场,接着完成一个20米高度的自旋爬升,紧接着半圈的自旋翻滚变成倒飞,立刻完成一个20米倒飞自旋下降高度至起始点。到达起始点后立刻完成一个20米高度的倒飞自旋爬升,紧接着半圈的自旋翻滚变成正飞自旋,紧接着20米的高度的正飞自旋下降高度至起始点。裁判会注重飞机的自旋快速,并且保持自旋速度一致(最少一秒一圈),一致的反转点,整体垂直爬升和下降动作完成顺畅,没有犹豫。
27 2 K2 Auto* The K2 auto consists of an autorotational landing beginning with a 360° Aileron Roll, followed by a further half roll to inverted, and ending with a Forward Elevator Flip, which should be as low as the pilot is comfortable with. There must be a minimum fall of 25m in autorotation before the roll begins. The manoeuvre will show consistent height loss, uniform forward speed and land as close as possible to a marker positioned 3m in front of the pilot on the field centreline. 解说视频
K2熄火降落 K2自旋著陆包含一个360度横滚跟著一个半横滚至到飞姿态,接一个尽可能低的向前翻滚后著陆,横滚前必须要有一个至少25米的自旋降落,高度下降和前进速度应该稳定,落点应尽可能靠近飞手前方的3米区。
28 2.5 Pirouetting Waltzer This manoeuvre is a series of at least 4 tight dynamic Pirouetting Walls of Death smoothly combined with much larger radii arcs of Pirouetting Walls of death to form a circle. The helicopter must complete one complete circle centred on the judges’ eye-line. 解说视频
自旋转华尔兹 这个动作含一系列至少四个紧凑的自旋死亡之墙联成一个圆,直升机必须完成一个居中对称的圆。
29 2.5 Hammock The model will enter the manoeuvre while continuously pirouetting and pull up to a vertical stall turn, at which point the direction of pirouetting will reverse and the direction of movement of the model will change to continue the next descent and climb to the next stall turn. There must be at least 8 peaks around the prescribed horizontal circuit. 解说图片
吊床 直升机必须有连续自旋进入,向上垂直拉升到顶点,然后在顶点处自旋反转,然後落下再爬升至另一個顶点反转。至少须有8个顶点环绕形成一个水平圆。
30 2.5 Serpent A Pirouetting Snake flown as a series of arcs along the flightline with a 180 degree turn-around followed by the same number of arcs in the reverse direction down the flightline. At least 4 arcs in each direction, all arcs to be the same size, height and speed and the pirouette rate to remain constant. Each arc must be clearly presented as a distinct quarter-circuit or more with the disc close to the vertical.
解说视频
蟒蛇 蟒蛇又叫自旋翻大蛇由沿飞线方向的一系列自旋翻半圆弧构成,在到达一端做180度掉头在向相反方向飞相同数量的半圆弧,每个方向至少飞四个半圆弧,所有的半圆弧应该是要相同的尺寸,相同的高度,相同的速度,和相同的自旋速率。
31 2.5 Typhoon Start from a side-on stationary hover. Tail stand into a single tail-down rolling funnel with a minimum of 8 rolls., tail stand stop at the start position. ½ piro to nose-down, single nose down rolling funnel with a minimum of 8 rolls, tail stand stop at the start position, back to stationary hover. The shape of the manoeuvre should be a circle with no deviation from this during rolls. See below 解说图片

台风

这个动作开始于侧面悬停,选手需要飞两水平圆,第一个圆尾部向下完成八个翻滚,尾部停止于开始的位置,半个旋转,头部向下,完成第二次8个翻滚,尾部停止于开始的位置,回到悬停,

这个动作两个圆需要重叠在一个圆形上,在翻滚过程中不应该脱离圆圈

32 2.5 Wheel of Fortune Metronoming Vertical Circle. The helicopter will begin the manoeuvre from a stationary elevator metronome at sufficient height to complete a downwards vertical circle, with the nose pointing vertically down and the full rotor disk presented to the pilot and judges. The helicopter shall then prescribe a complete vertical clockwise metronoming circle with the helicopter nose always pointing towards the centre of the circle. 解说视频
幸运大转盘 这是一个节拍器垂直圆,直升机在足够的高度上升做原地升降舵节拍器然后向下开始沿顺时针方向画一个垂直圆,主旋翼桨面面相裁判,机头始终指向圆心。
33 2.5 Reversing Sidewinder A remote horizontal circle flown at constant height with the helicopter continuously performing pirouetting metronomes, reversing pirouette direction after a whole metronome. The axis of the pirouetting metronomes must always point towards the centre of the horizontal circle. The entry to the manoeuvre may be from a travelling or fixed pirouetting metronome. 解说图片

反向响尾蛇

直升机以固定高度的连续自旋钟摆完成一个水平圆,在完成一个水平圆后旋转方向,钟摆的轴向必须一直朝向水平圆的中心,直升机可以从静态节拍器或航线进入此动作

34 2.5 K 2.5 Auto* The K2.5 auto consists of an autorotational landing beginning with a Pirouetting Flip, followed by a 360 degree Aileron Roll, a further half roll to inverted, and ending with a Forward Elevator Flip, which should be as low as the pilot is comfortable with. There must be a minimum fall of 25m in autorotation before the Pirouetting Flip begins. The manoeuvre will show consistent height loss, uniform forward speed and land as close as possible to a marker positioned 3m in front of the pilot on the field centreline. 解说视频
K2.5熄火著陆 K2.5自旋著陆以一个自旋翻开始,后接一个360度横滚,再接一个半横滚致倒飞姿态,接著是一个尽可能低的向前翻滚后著陆,横滚前必须有一个至少25米的自旋降落,高度下降和前进速度应该稳定,降落应尽可能靠近飞手前方的3米区。
35 3 Time Machine A clockwise skids-out Big Ben followed by anticlockwise skids-in Big Ben. The manoeuvre is entered from a low stationary nose-out hover. The helicopter will immediately be presented directly in front of the judges’ eye-line with its nose vertical. The helicopter will then be made to rotate yawing clockwise prescribing the 12 points of a clock-face skids  out (skids facing away from the pilot and judges), each point defined by a ‘tick’ of the metronome. At the 12 o’clock metronome the helicopter will be made to half roll on the spot and then the clock-face will again be described this time anticlockwise as viewed by the Judges, using skids-in metronomes.  Upon reaching 12 o’clock the helicopter will return to a stationary nose-in hover in the same position the manoeuvre began.
时间机器 一个顺时针的脚架朝外的大笨钟动作,接着一个脚架朝内的逆时针大笨钟动作。 起始动作为低空的机头朝外(对尾悬停)的悬停,然后飞机开始机头垂直地面的方式按照顺时针方向完成大笨钟动作(12个点,脚架朝向为远离裁判和选手的方向),当飞机完成第12个点动作的时候,在原点完成半圈翻滚,这是飞机的脚架朝向裁判和选手,完成一个逆时针的大笨钟动作(12个点),飞机最后回到起始点为机头朝内(对头悬停,朝向选手方向)
36 3 Koob Pirouetting Wall of Death with 4 vertical Pirouetting Loops with Pirouetting Flips. Entering along the flight line, the model will enter a vertical piro-loop with skids-out. At the top of the loop, the model will half piro-flip to skids-in and then complete the loop. At the bottom of the loop the model will reverse its piro-direction and then enter the first quarter of a skids-in Piro Wall of Death. The model with then enter a second piro-loop again with a half piro-flip at the top to skids -out. At the bottom of this loop the model will again reverse piro-direction and fly the next quarter Piro Wall of Death skids-out. The manoeuvre will continue in this way to complete a further 2 loops and the remaining piro wall of death to exit the manoeuvre travelling in the same direction and height as entry. 解说图片
自旋死亡之墙加4个垂直自旋筋斗并加反转。 直升机沿着航道进入,开始一个脚架朝圆外的垂直自旋筋斗,在筋斗顶端做半个自旋翻呈脚架朝圆内完成下半个筋斗。在筋斗最下方,直升机反转自旋翻方向,然后进入1/4脚架朝圆内的倒飞自旋碗工。直升机然后进入第二个自旋筋斗,顶点处自旋翻转呈脚架朝圆外,并完成下半个筋斗。在到达筋斗底部时,直升机再次反转自旋方向。按照此方式继续完成另2个筋斗,且低点保持倒飞自旋碗工,动作结束与开始同方向,同高度。
37 3

Rolling Globe Reversal

This manoeuvre is a Rolling Globe with flight direction reversal at the top of each loop and rolling direction reversal at the bottom of each loop.
A succession of Rolling Loops entered at the South Pole, but with the plane of the loop rotating by 45 degrees at the bottom of each loop until an imaginary globe in the sky has been prescribed comprising 5 continuous loops.

The direction of rolling will reverse at every successive South Pole as the manoeuvre progresses, while the direction of flight of the helicopter (nose first, tail first) will reverse at the top of each loop.
Exit from the manoeuvre should be the same as the point of entry, but with the helicopter moving in the opposite direction. Each loop must be round and the manoeuvre must be accurately described

解说视频

滚动逆行球

这个动作就是地球仪动作的延伸,每个圈的顶点反向,每个圈的最低处反向。

从下方進入,直升机必须一边执行侧滚一边执行内筋斗,每圈回到最低点飞机转向45度,持续5圈

每圈在下方的时候滚动的机头方向反转,在每圈的最高点飞机的方向(鼻子,尾巴)反向

最后从从同一个点结束,每一圈必须要圆并且符合描述

38 3 Timewarp

The manoeuvre begins from a side-on hover at the lowest height with which the pilot is comfortable. Perform a flat horizontal right-hand tic-toc clock circuit with a 12 step right-hand rotating tic-toc to complete one 360 degrees tic-toc pirouette. The second half- eight is a flat horizontal left-hand tic-toc clock circuit with a 12 step left-hand rotating tic-toc to complete a 360 degrees tic-toc pirouette. This manoeuvre may be visualised as performing two travelling Big-Bens while the model prescribes a figure 8 with the direction of the rudder input being reversed half-way through the manoeuvre after the first circuit. The mainshaft axis of  the model should always point to the centre of the circuit, with the first circuit flown with the skids-in, the 2nd skids-out from centre.

The manoeuvre should be constant height, speed and pirouette rate with the two circuits being equal in size, ending in a stationary hover at the starting point facing the same direction as the entry hover.
解说图片
时间扭曲

开始后从选手侧面开始一个水平的右侧钟摆圆盘,以顺时针进入完成一个360度的钟摆旋转,另外半个8字表演一个水平的左侧板圆盘,以逆时针进入完成一个360度的钟摆旋转,这个动作可以理解为是两个大笨钟水平飞行8字,机身尾管按照12个时刻格飞行,飞机的主轴应该一直保持朝向圆形的中心,前半个8字,脚架向内.后半个8字,脚架向外,这个动作需要保持高度,速度,旋转速率一致,结束和开始需要按照同一方向悬停,

39 3

Golden Arches [Enlarged]

This manoeuvre is a triangular circuit comprised of approximately two 10 metre wide arches per side, each beginning one metre above ground and reaching 30 metres at the highest point. The manoeuvre must begin and end at the left corner in front of the pilot, with the helicopter tail-in to the flight line. During the first arch the helicopter must describe one complete pirouette to the top (when vertical), a tail reversal, and then one complete pirouette in the opposite direction during the descent. At the bottom of each arch a 1 second pause is required then the tail rotation changes again for the next arc. When done correctly the helicopter will be tail in to the flightline at all three corners in upright position.

解说图片


解说视频

黄金拱门

这个动作是一个双拱门,每个拱门之间距离10米,每一个开始都是地面以上一米,最高飞行高度到30米。
这个动作必须开始和结束都是在选手的左前方,保持飞机的尾巴面向飞手做第一个拱门,飞机在到达定点的时候必须完成一个完整的旋转(顶点)旋转尾巴,在下降的途中完成一个反向的旋转,在每个拱门的最低点,飞机需要停顿1秒,接下来尾巴转向完成下一个拱门
当飞行正确,每个拱门的上方飞机的尾巴一直是朝向起飞线的
40 3 Hong Kong Eye Commencing at 12 o’clock and Pirouetting Metronoming continuously, the model will prescribe a vertical circle in front of the judges and at each ¼ of the vertical circle will piro-flip skids-in to skids-out and vice versa. The start and finish of the manoeuvre will be a piro-flip at the 12 o’clock position. 解说图片
香港眼 连续的自旋钟摆,直升机将在裁判面前呈现一个垂直圆,在垂直圆的每个1/4出做自旋翻由脚架朝内变朝外,开始和结束的位置为12点钟方位。